rvitinn

runarlegar forsendur frnfsi

Srstaklega fyrir sem telja tr forsendu "gra sia".

Charity begins at Homo sapiens

In this particular version of the game, the researchers got people to play sequentially: one would go and then the other, fully aware of what the first had done. In theory, anyone thinking only of their own personal gain would always cheat, as this pays more than cooperating. But in the experiments, although many of players who went first did cheat, others cooperated, despite knowing that the second player could sucker them by cheating. What's more, roughly half those who went second rewarded cooperation by treating their opponent fairly, even though that meant forgoing an easy pay-off for themselves (Human Nature, vol 13, p 1). "The facts are clear," Fehr says. "Many people are willing to cooperate and to punish those who don't, even when no gain is possible."

This tendency - which researchers call "strong reciprocity" - throws into question the assumption that apparently selfless behaviour must have some selfish explanation. Across disciplines, researchers now agree that people often act against their own self-interest. "This is the most important empirical work on the human sense of justice in many years," says evolutionary biologist Robert Trivers of Rutgers University in New Jersey.

via MeFi

mislegt
Athugasemdir

Mr rlygsson - 22/03/05 13:21 #

Vestrnt samflag leggur rka herslu lghlni og nungakrleika sem dpstar grunndyggir, og flk elst upp vi essar hugmyndir og fylgir eim bi mevita og mevita.

Hvar stendur a tttakendurnir hafi ekki einmitt ori fyrir trarlegri innrtingu lfslei sinni? :-)

g s engin innlegg umruna um trleysi og siferi essari grein.

Matti . - 22/03/05 13:26 #

Greinin frir fyrir v rk a essar dyggir hafi rast ar sem r hafi leitt af sr betri lfsgi fyrir einstaklinga og ltil samflg rdaga simenningar.

M..o. tr er ekki nausynleg forsenda essara dygga - r eru nttrulegar. Maurinn er ekki syndugt dr sem trin arf a beisla - a br gott okkur. annig ruumst vi bara.

Mr rlygsson - 22/03/05 13:28 #

P.S. bara aeins a tussast r Matti minn. Mr finnast kenningarnar sem sagt er fr greininni trverugar, og g held einmitt a siferislegir ttir trarbraga hafi komi eftir hinum elislgu/vitsmunalegu/flagslegu.

Mr rlygsson - 22/03/05 13:42 #

a m lta oluflgin sem lti einangra samflag, ar sem smu ailar takast ratugum saman, og tta sig v a samvinna er hagkvmari fyrir en sfellt samkeppnishark og baknag.

Flk virist a jfnum hndum upplifa sig sem einstaklinga og hluta af samflagsheild, og v er nokku elilegt a lykta a a valdi v a vi hfum allt a v elislga tilhneygingu til samvinnu og samhjlpar til a tryggja hagsumni samflagssjlfsins sns -- upp a vissu marki.

E.t.v. er stan fyrir v a mannskepnan virist gera meira af essu en nnur dr, er a vi eigum auveldara me flkna og hlutbundna hugsun, og hfum v tilhneygingu til a upplifa samflagssjlfi okkur samhengi sem nr lengra en bara til nnustu fjlskyldumelima.

Matti . - 22/03/05 13:50 #

a mtti semsagt fra rk fyrir v a samkeppni s a einhverju leyti "nttruleg" :-)

Annars fjallar bkin The Science of Good and Evil eftir Shermer nnar um etta efni. g eignaist bkina desember en hef ekki enn klra a lesa hana, bara flett henni. S fyrirlestur me Shermer ar sem hann fjallai um etta efni, helvti heillandi!